If you’d like to hear more about some of the philosophical ideas that Al-Kindi was responding to in the work we discussed during our last episode, you really can’t find a better resource than Peter Adamson’s own History of Philosophy podcast.

To learn about Aristotle’s arguments for the eternity of the universe, check out this interview with Richard Sorabji.

For a great introduction to Plotinus’ influential idea that the ultimate explanatory principle behind the universe has to be completely unified, check out this episode.

And finally, for more on John Philoponus’ arguments against the eternity of the universe (which Al-Kindi found rather persuasive), give this episode a listen.

Matt Teichman